shivratri kyo aur kis wajah se manai jati hai

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Maha Shivaratri, jo ki “Shiva’s Great Night” ko signify karta hai, Hindu dharm mein ek mahatvapurna tyohar hai. Yeh har saal, Hindu calendar ke phagun mahine ke krishna paksha ki chaturdashi tithi ko manaya jata hai, jo ki Gregorian calendar ke February-March ke beech hoti hai.

Maha Shivaratri ka mool uddeshya Bhagwan Shiva ki puja aur unki bhakti mein vyakti ko prerit karna hai. Is din ko Shiva ka vrat bhi mana jata hai. Maha Shivaratri ko manane ke kuch mukhya karan hain:

  1. Bhagwan Shiva ki Vividh Roop Bhakti: Maha Shivaratri par, log Bhagwan Shiva ke vividh roopon mein bhakti karte hain. Unka dhyan karte hain, shlok padhte hain aur unki murti ya lingam ko poojte hain.
  2. Shiva Tandava Natyam: Maha Shivaratri par, kuch sthalon par Shiva Tandava Natyam bhi hota hai. Yeh ek nritya hai jo Bhagwan Shiva ke samarpan mein kiya jata hai.
  3. Vrat Aur Upvas: Bahut se log Maha Shivaratri par vrat rakhte hain. Kuch log poora din bina kuch khaye piye rehte hain. Vrat aur upvas se vyakti apne man ko Shiva ke prati lagataar sthir rakhne ka prayas karte hain.
  4. Shiva Linga Abhishek: Maha Shivaratri par, Bhagwan Shiva ke lingam ko doodh, dahi, ghee, bilva patra, honey, aur jal se snan karte hain. Isko Shiva Linga Abhishek kehte hain.
  5. Shiva Bhakti Satsang: Bahut se log Maha Shivaratri par satsang aur bhajan kirtan mein bhaag lete hain. Is din, Bhagwan Shiva ki mahima gungunate hain aur bhakti bhavna ko badhaya jata hai.

Maha Shivaratri ka mahatva bahut adhik hai, aur is din ko Bhagwan Shiva ki aradhana aur bhakti mein bitana vishesh maana jata hai. Is din par, log apne jeevan mein shubh aur pavitra sankalpon ko saakar karte hain aur Bhagwan Shiva se kripa aur ashirwad prapt karna chahte hain.


Maha Shivaratri, jo ki Shiva bhakt aur Hindu samaj ke logon dvara manaya jata hai, Lord Shiva ko samarpit ek mahatva purna Hindu tyohar hai. Is din Lord Shiva ke puja, vrat, bhajan, aur dhyan ki jati hai. Maha Shivaratri ko har saal Phalgun maas ke Krishna Paksha ke Chaturdashi tithi ko manaya jata hai.

Maha Shivaratri manane ki kuch mukhya wajahen hain:

  1. Samudra Manthan (Churning of the Ocean): Ek prachin Hindu katha ke mutabiq, devas aur asuras ne amrit prapti ke liye samudra manthan kiya tha. Is samay, halahal (vish) bhi nikla, jise pi lene se sabhi devas aur asuras vyakul ho gaye. Is paristhiti mein, Lord Shiva ne halahal ko pee liya tatha unka gale ka color neel ho gaya. Is din ko Maha Shivaratri ke roop mein manaya jata hai, jisme bhakton ko Lord Shiva ki shakti aur daya prapt hoti hai.
  2. Neelkanth: Dusra karan hai Lord Shiva ka “Neelkanth” roop, jiska arth hai “nila kantha” ya “blue throat.” Is din ko Lord Shiva ke is roop ki smriti mein manaya jata hai, jab unhone samudra manthan ke samay vish ko pee liya tha.
  3. Lord Shiva ki Vividh Lilayein: Maha Shivaratri, Lord Shiva ke vibhinn leelaon (lilayein) ko yaad karne ka bhi ek avasar hai. Is din ko unke tapasya, dhyan, aur vairagya ko yaad karke bhakton ka manoranjan aur adhyatmik unnati ka avasar mana jata hai.
  4. Shiva-Parvati Vivah: Kuch log Maha Shivaratri ko Shiva-Parvati ke vivah ki yaad mein bhi manate hain. Is avasar par unki bhakti, prem, aur samarpan ko yaad karke devi-devtaon ki kripa prapt karni ki prarthana ki jati hai.

Maha Shivaratri ka mahatva hai ki is din bhakton ko Lord Shiva ki aradhana, vrat, aur dhyan dvara adhyatmik unnati ki or badhne ka avasar milta hai. Is din bhakton ki aarti, bhajan, aur pooja ka vishesh roop se kiya jata hai.

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