arthvayvastha kitne prakar ki hai aur koun koun si hai visataar me samjhaiye

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Arthvayvastha ko vibhinn drishtikon se dekha ja sakta hai, aur isme kai prakar ki bhedbhaav hote hain. Niche kuch pramukh arthvayvastha ke prakar hain:

  1. Lok Arthvayvastha (Public Economics): Ismein samaj ke arthik tathyaon ka adhyayan hota hai. Yahaan par sarkar ke vyayam, tax, subsidy, aur samajik sukhadon jaise vishayon par vichar kiya jata hai.
  2. Vyakti Arthvayvastha (Microeconomics): Ismein vyakti, parivaar, ya kisi vyavsay ke chhote kshetra ka adhyayan hota hai. Vyakti arthvayvastha mein utpadan, vyapar, vyavsayik niyojan, aur upbhoktaon ki ruchiyan shamil hain.
  3. Samaj Arthvayvastha (Macroeconomics): Ismein desh ya samaj ke arthik prakriyaon ka vistrit adhyayan hota hai. GDP (Gross Domestic Product), rojgaar, mudra neeti, aur antarraashtreey vyavsayik pariprekshya ismein shaamil hai.
  4. Antarraashtreey Arthvayvastha (International Economics): Antarraashtreey vyavsayik snbndhon ko samajhne ke liye is prakar ka adhyayan hota hai. Yahan par videshi vyapar, videshi nivesh, aur videshi mudra par vichar kiya jata hai.
  5. Vittiy Arthvayvastha (Financial Economics): Ismein vittiy bazaar, sambandhit nivesh, aur vittiy vyavsayik mudraon ka adhyayan hota hai.
  6. Utpadan Arthvayvastha (Production Economics): Utpadan, vikalpon, aur karagaron ke prabandhan ke sandarbh mein ismein vichar kiya jata hai.
  7. Vikas Arthvayvastha (Development Economics): Ismein vikasashil deshon ki arthvayvastha par vichar kiya jata hai. Yahan par samriddhi, bhrashtachar, aur samajik nyay ke mudde hote hain.
  8. Vigyan Arthvayvastha (Behavioral Economics): Ismein vyaktiyon ke vyavahar, unke nirnay, aur unke arthik manasiktaon ka adhyayan hota hai.

Yeh kuch pramukh arthvayvastha ke prakar hain, lekin anek anya bhi hain jo kisi vishesh kshetra par adharit hote hain. Har prakar ki arthvayvastha ka adhyayan hamare samaj ko samajhne aur usme sudhar karne mein madad karta hai.

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